In our tourism series, we show how India has developed its potential for adapting to innovative approaches to tourism. Here is a list of all those places in India that have been following the eco-tourism model:
Galgibaga Beach, Goa
This is the cleanest beach in India despite its situation in one of the most prominent tourist hubs of India. The beach is popular for turtle nesting. The Galgibaga Beach comes under the purview of the forest department to preserve its ecological serenity and balance. If you visit the beach in the winters you shall treat your eyes to the delightful sight of several Olive Ridley turtles nesting( laying eggs) on the beach.
Tyda, Andhra Pradesh
Located in the Easter Ghats at an elevation of 700 metres, this small village is one of those yet unexplored wonders in the country. It is a hotbed of eco-tourist destinations with a rich variety of flora and fauna. The region is also home to several endemic animals and birds such as the Chital, Sambar, Panther, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Black Buck, Chinkara, Chowsingha, and Nilgai amongst the mammals and red-chested pod chards, pintails, herons, egrets, amongst the bird species.
India’s largest coastal lagoon and the world’s second-largest… the Chilika Lake and its surrounding environment are home to a number of migratory birds and animal and plant species. It is home to the Irrawaddy Dolphins, green sea turtle, dugong, blackbuck, Spoon-billed sandpiper, limbless skink and fishing cat among others. Chilika is a major favourite amongst environmentalists and photography enthusiasts and is a major eco-tourism destination in India.
Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Home to the world’s largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans National Park covers an approximate area of 1,330 square kilometres. It is the royal residence of the Bengal tiger and the region with 54 small deltaic islands is also a shelter to a variety of bird, reptile, invertebrate species and amphibians. Sunderbans has a very fragile ecosystem which has been neglected over these years and suffered as a result. Several attempts are being made to approach eco tourism in the area which is also the need of the hour.
Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, Sikkim
Covering an approximate area of 1,784 square kilometers and ranging from an altitude of about 1,800 meters to 8,500 meters, the Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve or Khangchendzonga National Park is one of the high altitude national parks in India and the only national park in Sikkim. It is home to a large variety of alpine vegetations including medicinal plants, animals and birds at different altitude and thus representing a rich ecosystem that also includes many glaciers, waterfalls, lakes and streams. Eco tourism is a must in this fragile environmental spot.